Research Theme

Biomedical Nano and Molecular Telecommunications   

Bio-Nano Telecommunications investigating how molecular communications can be applied for biomedical application including modelling communication systems at the nanoscale that occurs between neurons in the cortex, modelling the neural communication process through the nervous system, as well as modelling virus propagation through the circulatory system.

This research focused group is classified into 4 distinct levels, where varied research activities are carried out. These include:

Modelling & Simulation of Virtual Organ

  • Computer simulated virtual organs actively deployed in a data centre.
  • Enzyme propagation within the human body
  • Signalling codes sent from Gut to Brain
  • Virtual Modelling of neural Tissue – How exosomes travel through the tissue for treatment.

 

 

Bio-Nano Engineering of Cells to Control their Communication & Computing

  • Molecular communications of cells
  • Synthetic biology of engineered cells and logic gate computing
  • Bacterial computing and communication on a chip ( interface between Bio-Nano to electronic based devices)

 

 

Micro-Devices Interfacing to Bio-Nano Cells 

  • Implantable self-powered externally controllable circuit for stimulating neurons in the brain using light.
  • Nano sensor that can be used for sensing specific types of molecules

 

 

Smart Textile Layered connections to Body Cells 

  • The research strand focuses on the layered connections from cells in the body and their capability to communicate and talk to devices on the body or built into smart garments/etextiles.
  • Intelligent smart wearable garment for the detection and sensing of output molecules from bacteria.

 

SFI Research Centre

VistaMilk Centre

The VistaMilk SFI Research Centre represents a unique collaboration between Agri-Food and information communications technology (ICT) research institutes and leading Irish/multinational food and ICT companies.

The centre is hosted by Teagasc, in partnership with the Tyndall National Institute, Ireland’s national microelectronics institute, the Telecommunications Software & Systems Group (TSSG), and the Insight Centre for Data Analytics.

One of TSSG’s focus within VistaMilk is to greatly improve the soil-to-gut supply chain connection thereby improving resource efficiency, better meeting consumers’ expectations and improving profitability and resilience. The following video gives a brief overview of how bacteria interact within the gut, which will be a key point of interest for VistaMilk. The accompanying text further details the work that TSSG has done on modelling bacteria behaviour as part of the VistaMilk project.

Bacteria are unicellular organisms that can be found almost anywhere and are important for a variety of biological processes in the dairy industry, such as yoghurt and cheese production. Moreover, bacteria are fundamental for the health of the humans and animals alike, and any imbalance on their numbers may result in diseases for these organisms. Currently, bacterial infections, such as mastitis, are a major challenge for the dairy industry and are caused by the production and excretion of toxins associated to bacterial communications processes.  Within VistaMilk, TSSG is investigating this and other bacterial behaviours related to their communications capabilities, such as bacterial movement, biofilm formation, multispecies social interactions, chemical signalling production and processing, to propose novel biotechnological solutions that will support the sustainability of the dairy industry. The following video demonstrates some of these bacterial behaviours in the human gut, which Is also targeted by our research team.

Members
Dr. Alberto Huertas

Postdoctoral Researcher

Caio Queiroz da Fonseca

Phd Student

Hamdan Awan

Postdoctoral Researcher

Samitha Somathilaka

Phd Student

Geoflly Adonias

Phd Student

Bruna Karen de Sousa Costa Queiroz da Fonseco

Phd Student

Dr. Daniel Perez Martins

Postdoctoral Researcher

Dixon Vimalajeewa

Postdoctoral Researcher

Publications
Daniel P. Martins, Michael Barros and Sasitharan Balasubramaniam. "Quality and Capacity Analysis of Molecular Communications in Bacterial Logic Circuits". IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 628 - 639, Oct. 2019.
Michael Taynnan Barros, and Subhrakanti Dey. Feed-forward and Feedback Control in Astrocytes for Ca2+-based Molecular Communications Nanonetworks. To appear in the IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics , 2019.
Daniel P. Martins, Michael T. Barros and Sasitharan Balasubramaniam. "Quality and Capacity Analysis of Molecular Communications in Bacterial Logic Circuits". IEEE Transactions on NanoBioscience, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 628 - 639, Oct. 2019.
Adonias, G.L. et al., 2019. A Logic Gate Model based on Neuronal Molecular Communication Engineering. Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Molecular Communication – pp.15–16.
• Adonias, G.L. et al., 2018. Utilising EEG signals for modulating neural molecular communications. Proceedings of the 5th ACM International Conference on Nanoscale Computing and Communication - NANOCOM 18, (39), pp.1–2.
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