Towards integration of renewables to reach 100% penetration the TSSG are assisting in the analyses of the shift and emerging roles for grid players, such as TSOs, and DSOs, and looking at the feasibility of a grid architectures that includes 5G based ICT. This architecture has to be in line with the EU’s energy and climate policy, such as SET-Plan, and must consider future grid scenarios with 100% RES.

The TSSG are developing the corresponding ICT infrastructure requirements  which will be required to transmit in a fast, reliably, and securely way the wide area field measurements and commands for voltage and frequency management control systems.

The TSSG are also hosting ICT infrastructure to support the field trial testbed of the ESB for the voltage control concepts in Ireland.


The project is 3 years in length (2016-2019 and there are 9 workpackages:

  •  WP1: System Level Work for RES integration
  • WP2; Frequency stability by design
  • WP3: Voltage stability by design
  • WP4: Pan-European real time simulation Infrastructure and live 5G testing platform
  • WP5: Test-beds for validation of research results
  • WP6: Regulatory, legal issues & business models for RES
  • WP7: Creating Impact with RE-SERVE
  • WP8: Project Management
  • WP9: Ethics requirements

Key Objectives

RE-SERVE will produce a framework for stabilising energy systems with up to 100% RES integration, expressed as

  • A set of new research concepts for fast voltage and frequency control,
  • New ethical business models to support 100% RES integration in today energy systems,
  • A pan-European real-time simulation infrastructure, implemented as the interconnection of facilities at 4 universities, to validate the fast frequency and voltage control concepts during the project, and to support, after the end of the project, regulators and energy stakeholders in general in defining the energy transition process,
  • Guidelines on the implementation of a new structure for Ancillary Services together with the corresponding measurements required to enable the European Internal Energy market to the completed,
  • An adaptation and harmonisation of today’s network codes to support the implementation of the new structure of Ancillary Services,
  • Demonstration of fast voltage control in a live field trial on the Irish power network, which shall show increased overall distribution system utilisation, supporting an increased penetration of distributed renewable energy sources (increasing load –> reduce wind curtailment).
  • Feasibility study of fast frequency control based on real-time hardware in the loop experimentation, and laboratory small-scale demonstration emulating the Romanian network use-case,
  • Requirements on 5G ICT for supporting energy systems with up to 100% RES integration, for promotion in standards bodies in the energy and communications sectors, and
  • A spin-off company providing services and support for pan-European real-time simulation facilities.


A number of deliverables have been released by the RE-SERVE project https://www.re-serve.eu/deliverables.html

The main ones with TSSG input are:

D1.1 Scenarios & architectures for 100 % RES and roles of sector actors



D1.2 Requirements placed on energy systems on transition to 100% RES



D1.3 Requirements placed on ICT for energy systems with up to 100% RES



D1.4 Use cases definition for research in Frequency and Voltage control



D1.5 Adaption of research concepts based on simulation, live ICT tests and field trial results, V1



D3.1 Power electronic stability criteria for AC three phase systems



D3.2 Demand Response and DG control considering Voltage Control and Stabililty



D3.3 Power electronics System-level stability criteria



D3.4 Networkd impedance characterisation for active distribution networks



D3.5 Specification for an on-line system level monitoring system



D3.6 Report on Reqirements on scalable ICT to implement voltage control concepts, V1



D3.8 WP3 Drafting of Ancillary Services and Network codes definitions, V1



D4.1 Demonstration of prototype of Laboratory infrastructure



D4.2 Functionality of the releases of the real time solver V1



D4.3 Functionality of the releases of the real time solver V2



D4.4 First interconnection test of the nodes in pan-European simulation platform



D4.5 5G extended functionality development to support voltage and frequency control



D4.6 5G extended functionality integration and testing in pan-European Simulation Infrastructures



D5.1 Report on field trial of voltage control concepts in Ireland and validation of initial network codes and ancillary service definitions, V1



D5.2 Report on field trial of voltage control concepts in Ireland and validation of initial network codes and ancillary service definitions, V2



D5.4 Report on trial of frequency control in Laboratory and validation of initial network codes and ancillary service definitions, V1



D5.6 Report on the 100% renewable Irish Scenario, V2



D5.8 Report on validation of ICT concepts using live 5G network, gateway and Pan-European infrastructure, V1




Miguel Ponce de Leon