Micheal Barros Research
Biocommunications with Nanonetworks for Biomedical Applications
Nanomedicine is an attempt to revolutionize current methods for diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases that integrates fields such as molecular biology, biotechnology as well as nanotechnology. One envisioned application is sensing and actuation capabilities at the molecular scale using nano scale devices, namely nanomachines. While numerous examples of these applications have been tested in vivo as well as animals, the real deployments are far from reality. This is mainly due to limitations in controlling as well as monitoring their performance. At the same time, the miniature scale of nanomachines means their computational capabilities is also limited. However, integrating communication and networking functionalities can provide new opportunities for sensing and actuation applications of nanomachines. One form of communication that has been recently introduced to realise this vision is Molecular Communications. Many natural molecular communication systems are found inside the human body. The current challenge is to 1) utilize these natural systems to create artificial biocompatible communication networks that can interconnect multiple nanomachines and 2) provide a further understanding of these biological communication systems with information and communication theory. Such nanonetworks can represent a new type of communication network that can also be connected to the Internet, enabling fine granular sensing deep inside the organs and tissues inside the human body.The presented research contribution will have a great impact on the area of molecular communication, as well as the fields of biotechnology and nanotechnology. Creating artificial communication systems that are embedded in the tissues, can lead to new forms of smart tissues.